Contractors are increasingly turning to forming their own Limited Companies rather than operating as sole traders or under Umbrella companies. This is in part due to the tax efficiencies available as well as the additional security it offers.
Why go Limited?
Whilst the ‘sole trader vs Umbrella company vs Limited Company’ debate is one which has been going on for quite some time and will continue to do so, the bottom line is that for many contractors, going Limited is the best approach. Why? Just a few advantages include:
- Higher take-home pay
- The ability to claim on a wider range of expenses
- Flat Rate VAT Scheme entitlement
- Security of personal assets
- Greater control (when compared to using an Umbrella Company)
- Better credibility
- Greater tax planning opportunities
How do you pay yourself?
As a sole trader, the business’s money and the contractor’s personal money are one and the same. However, once a Limited Company is formed, these become separate entities and the money of the company and the contractor are separate, providing additional financial security.
In order for the contractor to ‘pay’ themselves as tax efficiently as possible, it is generally the case that they are paid a mixture of salary and dividends (depending on their circumstances and IR35 status), both of which should always be discussed with an accountant.
For those unaware, dividends are payments made to the owners of the company, ‘the shareholders’, from the company profit. Company profit is not only income less expenses for the current year, but also takes into account the Corporation Tax that will be due. It also includes any retained profits or losses brought forward from prior years. In some respects, dividends can be complex, however as a general rule, so long as the company has the money to be able to make the dividend payment and cover any tax and VAT due, there won’t be any issues.
One question which many contractors ask time and time again, however is:
How often can you draw dividends?
There are two types of dividend – Interim and Final. Interim dividends are those paid throughout the year, with Final dividends paid once annual accounts have been completed. Within a small company, the accounts are rarely complex, which means Interim dividends can be paid throughout the financial year. It is worth noting here that dividends are received on the date they are declared and, as such, it is important to consider the declaration date when declaring dividends close to the end of the tax year, as it can be an incredibly useful tax planning tool.
To answer the question asked however, it is important to understand that the frequency with which dividends are declared is much less important than whether they are legal or not. An illegal dividend, as outlined in The Companies Act 2006, Section 830, states that, ‘a company may only make a distribution out of profits available for the purpose’.
This simply means, that as long as a company is in a position to cover the dividend as well as their tax liabilities, the dividend can be legally declared. If declaring the dividend would result in the inability to satisfy tax and VAT obligations, it would be illegal and may result in repayment demands from shareholders (the contractor).
For many contractors, drawing a regular dividend is a sound way of financial planning; ensuring that your earnings are as tax efficient as possible and that a regular income is received. So long as the dividend is legal, the frequency at which they are drawn is down to the individual contractor’s discretion; something which is great news to contractors worrying that a dividend could perhaps only be taken at the end of a financial year.
For further advice on drawing dividends from a Limited Company, why not see our full guide, or for full financial planning support, give us a call today on 01202 375 562 to discuss how Intouch Accounting’s team of expert Contractor Accountants could help you make the most of your Limited Company.
This blog has been prepared by Intouch Accounting. While we have made every attempt to ensure that the information contained in this blog has been obtained from reliable sources, Intouch is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for the results obtained from the use of this information. This blog should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional accounting advisers. If you have any specific queries, please contact Intouch Accounting.